Photography Terminologies Every Enthusiast Should be Familiar With

Anyone who starts to engage in a new hobby or skill definitely has to learn its basics. Familiarization will make it much easier to learn and make the process go smoothly. The same thing applies with learning photography.


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Photography enthusiasts, as well as those planning to take photography careers, should learn the most basic concepts in the field. But first, they should learn photography terminology. 

Here are the 5 most basic yet important terms used in photography that you should be familiar with:
1. Exposure.

Have you seen pictures which are too glaring or pictures that have too much light? Those pictures have been overexposed.

Exposure refers to the amount of light that is recorded on the sensor. Such a thing happens when there is too much light on a daytime scene that hits a high ISO sensor for a long time.

However, wrong exposure can also cause you to take dark pictures if your aperture is small, ISO low, and shutter speed short.

Exposure(over or under exposure) can be used to come up with creative shots.


 Image Credit: SchizophrenicKittie

2.Aperture and F-Stop.

Aperture refers to the lens opening through which light passes when taking pictures. This automatically goes that a larger aperture allows more light through than a smaller one.

This is a very important photography terminology because the amount of light that passes through the aperture can greatly affect the quality of the photo taken.

The F-Stop, on the other hand, simply refers to the different sizes of aperture that photographers, usually in photography schools, use.

Related Article: DSLR: A Beginner’s Guide to Photography

3. Depth of field.


 Image Credit: LarsVanDeGoor

You may have seen pictures whose subject is very crisp and clear while its background is fuzzy and unclear. Such pictures are only possible with the use of a dslr camera because of its depth of field.

It is the camera’s aperture that affects this. As such, a narrow depth of field is caused by a large aperture while a large depth of field is the result of a small aperture.

4. Flash.


 Image Credit: qwerty5678

Anyone who has held a photo camera can very well understand the function of the flash. You don’t have to look up photography websites to learn what it is.

Basically, the flash is used when the scene has very low light or uneven lighting. However, there is more that you can do with your flash.

5. Focus.

Out_Of_Focus_horse-and-burb-wire Image Credit: IAMSORRY87

Forget everything else except focus. This is the primary thing that determines the quality of your pictures. The crisper and more vivid they are, the better.

A subject is in good focus if it is clear and sharp. Out of focus pictures have to be avoided. For ordinary point-and-shoot cameras, you can rely on their autofocus feature.

However, the DSLR can let you do more with its manual focus settings.

Learning the photography terminology does not automatically make you a ‘photographer’. You need time and more training to master the skills.

There are many photography websites and online photography courses that you can enrol in. 

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